Ta Dung National Park was established on February 8, 2018 on the basis of conversion from the former Ta Dung Nature Reserve. The special feature is that Ta Dung National Park is located in Dak Nong Geological Park recognized by UNESCO as a Global Geopark in July 2020. Let’s find out what’s inside the national park!
SUMMARY OF TA DUNG NATIONAL PARK
Ta Dung National Park is located on the administrative boundaries of Dak Som commune – Dak G’long district – Dak Nong province from the center of Ho Chi Minh City. Gia Nghia is 50 km to the northeast, has a total natural area of 20,937.7 hectares.
Ta Dung National Park has a large layer of forest vegetation, with a coverage rate of up to 85% of the core area of the Reserve, including primary forests accounting for 48%, secondary forests of all kinds 36%. If compared to the coverage rate of Vietnam’s forests (33.6%) and the country’s primeval forests (10%), this is one of the areas with large coverage with a variety of ecosystems and habitats suitable for the habitation, growth and development of very rich fauna.
The highlight of Ta Dung National Park is Ta Dung Lake, which is likened to Ha Long Bay on the pristine and mysterious plateau. The lake has an area of nearly 5,000 hectares of water surface with more than 40 islands and large and small peninsulas creating a very unique natural landscape but still retaining its pristine and charming beauty.
Ta Dung is the highest mountain range of Dak Nong province, which is a geographical and biological intersection between the Southern Highlands and the Southeast region. Ta Dung is the upstream of the Dong Nai river system with many hydropower projects in operation.
RICH AND DIVERSE FLORA AND FAUNA
Ta Dung has huge vegetation, the coverage reaches 85% of the core area of Ta Dung National Park, including 48% primeval forest, 36% secondary forest. Compared to the level of coverage of Vietnam’s forests (33.6%) and the country’s primeval forests (10%), this area has high coverage, diverse ecosystems and habitats suitable for the residence, growth and development of animals and plants.
According to the survey results of the Center for Biodiversity and Development – Institute of Tropical Biology in 2011 and Vietnam University of Forestry in 2012, 1,406 species of vascular higher plants belonging to 760 genera and 192 families belonging to 06 different branches of vegetation in Ta Dung National Park have been identified. Angiosperms are the most common (1,251 species), followed by ferns and bare seedlings.
Of the 1,406 plant species in Ta Dung National Park, 89 are about to become extinct, accounting for 6.3%. Of these, 69 species are listed in the Red Book of Vietnam; Twenty-seven species are on the IUCN Red List and 14 are included in the Government’s Decree No. 32/2006/ND-CP of March 30, 2006. Globally, there are 05 critically endangered species, 02 endangered species and 04 vulnerable species. At the national level, there are 28 endangered species and 14 vulnerable species.
In terms of animals, there are 574 species of animals belonging to 38 sets and 124 families, of which 37 out of 88 species of rare animals need to be protected, accounting for nearly half of the animals in Ta Dung. There are many species in the red book of Vietnam and the world such as deer, toong, leopards, primates, peacocks, hemorrhoids …
Among the rare species, Ta Dung has 03 species of animals endemic to Vietnam: Silver-cheeked langur, orange-cheeked gibbon, black-footed scrub langur. In particular, Ta Dung is one of the three protected areas of Vietnam with yellow deer or swamp deer, endemic to Indonesia and Thailand. They are at risk of extinction due to reduced habitat and being hunted.
Ta Dung National Park is also one of the four endemic bird regions of Vietnam, accounting for one-eighth of Vietnam’s bird species and one of the 222 endemic bird regions of the world. In the list of 202 species of birds, there are 16 species in the Red Book. Typical birds such as pheasants, peacocks, endemic laughing birds and white crested blue pheasants.
UNIQUE SCENIC SYSTEM
Besides the System of Ta Dung Lake, there are more than 40 large and small islands like Ha Long Bay on the plateau, the streams here also form beautiful waterfalls such as Dak Plao waterfall, 7-storey waterfall, sun waterfall … along with the system of trees, village trade of ethnic people of Dak P’lao, Dak R’mang, Dak Som …
The scenery here still retains the unspoiled beauty that will give visitors camping tours, overnight resorts, trekking to enjoy the atmosphere, the scenery of the beautiful mountains and forests. This is also a place for visitors to stay away from urban smog, to breathe fresh air, to “massage” the eyes with clouds, water and feel the peace, and to slow down, to mingle with nature.
STORAGE OF UNIQUE HIGHLAND CULTURE
What adds to the value of Ta Dung National Park is that it is located in the middle of the land with a rich cultural history with intangible and intangible cultural values such as: Gong Cultural Space of the Central Highlands, Epic Of the Central Highlands. If the majestic volcanoes and beautiful lakes make the tourist route attractive here, the indigenous cultural values also make Ta Dung a destination worth exploring.
In Ta Dung National Park, visitors have a journey to explore back to the roots, which contain the unique literary values of the Pla ethnic people, the people here still regularly sing to each other the epics of the majestic Ta Tong mountain, about the name of each stream, the hill and the teaching of the descendants about the protection of the great forest is the way to protect the lives of the villagers, so that the heritage is still preserved and passed down from generation to generation.
TA DUNG NATIONAL PARK – AN EXTREMELY ATTRACTIVE ECOTOURISM DESTINATION
Ta Dung National Park is considered an attractive destination, ideal for tourists, especially those who love nature. With a fresh, cool climate, many characteristic cultural features, many magnificent natural landscapes such as: Granít Falls (one of the points of the UNESCO Dak Nong Global Geopark Heritage); Sun Falls, Dak Rteng Stream, Dak Plao….
The blocking of hydroelectric currents also creates an elevated lake with an area of nearly 6,000 hectares of water surface and forms dozens of islands large and small that are likened to “Ha Long Central Highlands”.
Nature-loving, adventurous tourists can conquer The Peak of Ta Dung – the highest point in the mountains of Ta Dung National Park, an altitude of 1,982m above sea level with the characteristic of the distribution of ancient Tea species.
The buffer zone of the National Park is also home to nearly 40 ethnic groups with many characteristic traditional cultural features still preserved such as traditional crafts (Brocade weaving, Knitting); Typical agricultural rituals (Offerings, Burning Offerings, Ripening Rice Offerings, Offerings about to sow rice, Offering rice home) ,… in which the gong has been recognized by UNESSCO as the intangible cultural heritage of humanity; Traditional specialty dishes (mature soup, tweezer leaves, pineapple leaves, cloudy, …)
Find out more information and photos of other attractive places, please visit Facebook.