Coming to Dak Nong, you can not only admire the beautiful scenery of the mountains and forests of the Central Highlands, the fresh air along with many rare products, along with the stories of the heroes in the period of resistance fighting of the nation in this mysterious land. Let’s experience the Dak Nong historical culture through the article below!
NATIONAL HERO BOW NO TRANG LONG
The story of the hero Bow trang Dang
N’Trang Dang, born in 1870, in Bu par village, at the foot of Donh Mountain, in the Dak Nha stream area northwest of the M’nong plateau, grew up he resides and is the chief of Bu N’Trang village, now in Dak R’tíh commune, Tuy Duc district, Dak Nong province.
In 1890 the armies of the French colonialists pulled up to the Central Highlands to complete their attempts of invasion. Many chieftains quickly surrendered, but N’Trang Dang refused to succumb to the brutal domination of the French colonialists; he called on the leaders of the M’nong and Xtian tribes as well as the people of the region to revolt against the French; the resistance base was built in the Valley of Bu Chong Jungle bordering Bu N’Drung upstream bu Ksô stream in Tram Nung Mountain.
The uprising, led by N’Trang Long, which lasted from 1912 to 1936, defeated several attacks, wiped out the garrisons, and unexpectedly counterattacked the enemy garrison system, and liberated a large area of the M’Nong Plateau. The most historic and highly successful feat was the diversionary battle of commander Henri Maitre at Fort Bu Nôrp in July 1914. In 1935, due to the guidance of the traitor M’Phuong Phe, the French surrounded, attacked Bu Par unexpectedly, he was captured and killed by them on May 23, 1935.
The resistance of the ethnic minority community in the South Central Highlands under the leadership of N’Trang Long is a brilliant history of patriotism and solidarity in the struggle for independence of the peoples of Vietnam. This has created a huge highlight for the culture and history in Dak Nong.
In the academic year 2009-2010 (after 5 years of dak Nong High School was established), the school was decided by the People’s Committee of Dak Nong province to change the name of the school as N’Trang Long High School, Dak Nong Province. On the occasion of the 10th anniversary of the establishment of the school, the school started construction and inaugurated the monument of N’Trang Long in the park of the school to educate patriotism, love and pride in the hero of the peoples of the Central Highlands. Along with that, express the pride of culture and history in Dak Nong for visitors near and far.
Dak Nong Monument – Dak Nong history culture symbol
The monument of hero N’Trang Long is nearly 20m high located in Dak Nur Hill, Nghia Duc ward, Gia Nghia city, Dak Nong. This is considered a historical cultural symbol in Dak Nong.
Hero N’Trang Long is the elite son, typical of the M’nong people who gathered the people of the Central Highlands to unite, fight against the dominance and repression of the French colonial invasion lasting 25 years, making resounding victories. Therefore, the monument of Hero N’Trang Long has a deep human meaning, expressing the principle of drinking water to remember the source of Dak Nong peoples to the elite son who has made many contributions in the fight against colonial aggression.
The monument is made of blue stone, the origin of Thanh Hoa province, the statue is 13m high, the relief is 5.5 m, the base length of the monument cluster is 27 m. In addition to the main statue of the hero N’Trang Dang wearing a crossbow and holding a knife, the relief at the foot of the statue depicts the peoples of the Central Highlands struggling with the invading enemy. Besides, the daily images of people such as cultivation, dancing are also depicted in the reliefs of the monument.
The monument carries the unique highlights of the architecture and sculpture of Gia Nghia City, contributing to the education of patriotic traditions, serving tourists to visit and learn about the culture and history in Dak Nong.
M’NONG FOLKLORE IN DAK NONG
In Dak Nong province, there are 41 ethnic groups living together, creating a rich and diverse historical cultural color in Dak Nong for this land. This place also stores many characteristic cultural features expressed through festivals associated with the spiritual life of the people such as gong activities, epics, food culture, traditional folk dances,…
Besides, the ritual system serves spiritual life such as new rice celebrations, seasonal celebrations, new rice festivals, twinning festivals,…. At the same time, the people here also own a treasure trove of oral folklore as diverse as ancient stories, knives, proverbs,…
Gongs and the art of gong performances are one of the cultural features associated with the religious and spiritual life of the people in the highlands. It is expressed through rituals such as folk cuisine, festivals,… The gong is a type of instrument with the ability to perform independently and have a combination with other instruments indispensable in the festive seasons such as the small scale of a family as well as the whole community. The very prominent feature of this gong is the combination of sutras between the rhythms that are the sounds of mountains and forests of streams, the sound of waterfalls flowing and the soul of the M’nong people.
In the literary and cultural treasures of Vietnam, the epic of the M’nong people has a very special cultural value. It was an indispensable spiritual dish and is preserved to this day. The M’nong epic is made up of hundreds of rhyming sentences and is a genre of oral literature whose stories are mythological about the phenomena of nature and historical figures.
Singing and telling epics became an indispensable need in the spiritual life of the M’nong people. There are artisans who can remember tens of thousands of epic sentences, learn to have a good voice and unique rhythms to pass on to this day. The musical instruments of the M’nong people are very unique in terms of tone and function. Music is an integral part of people’s daily living and working life. The instruments are made of wood, bamboo, horns, gourd shells, stones,…
Whatever the material, the instruments here are very unique. They rely on their ears to determine the depth of each instrument. Each type of instrument comes with a different story and circumstances. Some types are used in the land, some types are beaten during the festival or some are only used to express love for couples, some types of chasing wild animals, some types are used for entertainment,…
The above characteristics will create historical cultural experiences in Dak Nong extremely interesting for visitors to visit this land.
PLACES TO EXPERIENCE HISTORICAL CULTURE IN DAK NONG YOU SHOULD VISIT
Here are some places for visitors to this land to experience the historical culture in Dak Nong:
- Dak Mil’s revolutionary historical relics: Dak Mil prison was built by the French colonialists in the early 1940s in an old forest in Dak Mil district (now in village 9, Dak Lao commune, Dak Mil district, Dak Nong province) to detain and exile patriotic people and Vietnamese revolutionary soldiers. The prison is designed according to the model of a long house (stilt house) of the Ethiopian people consisting of 9 wooden pavilions, the thatched roof is a wooden fence tightly inserted with barbed wire, 4 corners of the prison have a 24-hour watchtower.
- Revolutionary historical relics of the B4 – Intercity IV resistance base: is the revolutionary base of the resistance forces (former Quang Duc province) and the inter-provincial resistance force IV in the resistance war against the US (1959 – 1975). Formed in 1959, in Bac Tram Nung, in Tram Nung commune (Krong Noi).
Consisting of two locations: 1) The northern base of Tram Nung was formed in the period of 1959 – 1967, on the basis of bases that have existed since the anti-French resistance period stretching in The Commune of Tram Nung, Krong Noi district. 2) Southern base of Tram Nung (1967 – 1975) in Quang Son commune (Dak Glong).
- Historical relics of N’Trang Goh memorial site: The site of the tomb of N’Trang Goh, the village trade, fields and bases of the cemetery led by the leader N’Trang Gong against the Siamese army in 1884 – 1887 and the French colonialists in 1900 – 1914 now belong to Buon Choáh commune (Krong Noi).
If you have the opportunity to visit this land, you should once visit and learn about the historical culture in Dak Nong, there are still many interesting stories surrounding these heroic achievements. Let Exptravel take you to that wonderful experience!
Find out more information and photos of other attractive places, please visit Facebook.